Driving on snow or ice covered roads in the winter can be dangerous. It is always best to remain calm and know how to drive on them when you encounter poor roads. Ice forms when the road is wet and its surface temperature drops below freezing. Because the ground warms more slowly than the air, ice may still be on the roads even if it’s not freezing cold outside. This surface ice can stop your tires from getting a good grip, making steering and stopping difficult. And while icy roads are extremely dangerous, black ice is even more so. Black ice is a thin layer of ice that forms on the roadway, but instead of looking icy, the road appears wet. It usually has a matte appearance rather than the glossy one typical of icy roads. Black ice tends to form at night or in the wee hours of the morning, and drivers tend not to notice it until they’ve lost control.
Make sure to drive a speed you are comfortable with, while still being able to maintain control of your vehicle. When driving on slick roads, you need at least three times more distance to stop. Always make sure you have enough space between you and the car in front. You can count by having the car in front of you pass something, and then you count how long it takes for you to get there. By allowing extra space, you reduce the chance of having an accident with that vehicle. Also give yourself extra time to reach your destination. Trips can take longer during winter weather than other times of the year, so give yourself some extra time to get to your destination.
Be aware of some of the hazardous sections of roadways. This can include bridges, overpasses, and shaded spots often form ice before other parts of the road. If there is an icy spot, it forms first on or under bridges. If you encounter ice, the best thing is to remain calm and do not overcorrect. You will also want to make sure the windshield, back window, and all the side windows and mirrors are cleaned off. This will help you to be aware of those drivers around you.